Learning a new language is a fascinating adventure full of unexpected challenges. One of the widely-used methods to learn English, or any language, involves language exchanges. This process involves two individuals, each fluent in a different language, teaching each other their respective languages. For instance, if you are learning English and I’m learning your native language (say Spanish), I can talk to you in (and perhaps even teach you) English and you can talk to me in Spanish. This method allows both parties to practice speaking and listening to the language they’re interested in. Language exchange offers a valuable, interactive, and informal platform to improve language skills. The following detailed guide will explore potential hurdles in using language exchanges and provide tips on how to utilize them for effective English learning.
What is a Language Exchange?
A language exchange is a simple and mutually beneficial way where two or more people, fluent in different languages, help each other to learn a new language. For example, consider an English speaker who wants to learn Spanish. He can pair up with a native Spanish person who wants to learn English. They both can teach each other their native languages. The best part of a language exchange is that it helps individuals to understand the cultural aspects and everyday terms because they interact with a native speaker.
A language exchange can come in different styles or formats:
- One-on-one conversation: This involves a direct conversation between an English native speaker and a native speaker of another language.
- One-to-many conversation: Here, an English native speaker converses with a small group, such as two Spanish native speakers. Or, one native speaker of another language interacts with several English speakers.
- Block-of-time: One block of time where both people talk in one language (for example, English), followed by another block of time where both people talk in another language (for example, Spanish).
- Session-by-session: In one meeting session, both the native speaker of English and another language speak in one language. In another session, both of them speaks in the other language. This allows immersion in each language for a longer period.
- Sentence-by-sentence: In each conversation, one sentence is first spoken in one language, followed by its translation in the other. This is beneficial for beginners who struggle with fluency and vocabulary.
- Topic-by-topic: One topic is discussed in one language and then the next topic is covered in the other language. This gives each participant an in-depth experience of each language.
- In-person learning: Learners can meet in a mutually agreed place such as a café, a park, a community center, or another casual hangout place. They exchange languages by talking to each other in person.
- Online learning: Learners can use a virtual meeting software such as Google Meet or Zoom to have a language exchange meeting online. While this may not feel as personal as an in-person session, it is more convenient and you save time not travelling to another location.
- Using a website or an app: Apps like Tandem, HelloTalk and websites like Language Exchange Community allow you to connect with people all around the world, and you can chat, send voice clips or video call.
- Free topics: Participants in a language exchange are free to choose their own topics to talk about with their partners.
- Prepared topics: If the language exchange is an event hosted by an event organizer, the topics may be prepared ahead of time. In that case, participants have to choose a topic from a list of topics to talk about with their partners.
Potential Challenges Faced By Language Exchange Learners
Language exchanges are a helpful tool in improving language proficiency, such as English, but not all users find it effective. There are specific challenges associated with language exchanges that could hinder English language learning. It’s also worth noting that language exchanges may have limitations in comparison to other English learning methodologies. Understanding these hurdles and inconveniences can enhance the effectiveness of your language exchange experience in learning English.
- It takes discipline to attend language exchange consistently. Some learners only participate once or a couple of times, which is insufficient. Mastering a language is a progressive process and sporadic participation won’t yield considerable progress.
- It can be difficult to learn new grammar in a language exchange. Most partners aren’t English instructors and might struggle to explain grammatical rules thoroughly. Plus, during a conversation in which both partners are engaged, learners might lose chances to ask about or write down grammar rules, or to verify and correct their partner’s grammar.
- It can be difficult to pick up new words. In typical conversation, it’s not always possible to pause and ask for the meaning of an unfamiliar word, to use a dictionary, or to jot down words and their definitions. Learners often avoid such actions as they can interrupt the natural flow of the conversation.
- Sometimes, learners run out of topics. This can occur if both parties struggle to find a mutual topic of interest. The result could be uncomfortable extended pauses, which can make the conversation less enjoyable.
- If the language level of one partner is significantly lower than the other partner, the partner with a higher language skill may feel bored or impatient at the pace of conversation. Also, the partner with a stronger language skill might want to talk about complex topics like politics while the partner with a weak language skill might want to talk about simpler topics like food. This results in mismatch of their topic interest.
- Sometimes, a learner may feel timid or self-conscious about their language skill. This could lead them to refrain from speaking, and instead simply listen to their partner. Alternatively, they might only use words or grammar constructions that are simple enough for them to feel confident with.
How To Learn English Efficiently in a Language Exchange Session
Now that we looked at the potential challenges faced by English learners in a language exchange, let’s take a look at how an English learner can have a great learning experience at a language exchange.
1. Do preparations by self-studying at home
Since language exchanges can be challenging for learning new vocabulary or grammar (unless your partner is extraordinarily patient), they are best used as a platform to practice what you’ve already learned. So, if you’re learning English, you should focus on studying vocabulary and grammar at home as much as possible, and use language exchanges as a space to practice and showcase these skills.
An additional way to prepare at home is to consider the topics you’ll discuss during your language exchange. You can select a topic you feel strongly about and research relevant vocabulary in advance. For example, if, like me, you love dogs, you could research words related to dog ownership, such as “training”, “obedience”, “feeding”, “fur”, “grooming”, “leash”, “collar”, “bark”, “dental care”, “dog park”, “treats”, and “fetch”. You could also simulate conversations about dogs with an AI (more on this later). This way, you’ll arrive at your language exchange already familiar with the topic you’ll be discussing. It will bolster your confidence and readiness, allowing for a more meaningful conversation with your partner.
2. Actively participation is important
It’s absolutely vital that you actually talk during a language exchange session. This may seem obvious, but I’ve met many English learners who are quiet during these sessions. The goal during a language exchange is to engage in conversation as much as possible. Plan to spend half of the session speaking and the other half listening to your partner.
Remember, the more effort you put forth, the more you will benefit. Active participation during a language study session increases the understanding of topics, and helps apply new knowledge effectively. In a language exchange, playing an active part can come in different ways. It could be starting an engaging conversation, asking insightful questions, or using newly learned vocabulary and grammar in your conversation.
3. Get rid of the self-consciousness factor by practicing conversation at home
English language learners may feel self-conscious for various reasons. They may worry about their pronunciation, fearing that others may not understand them. They could also have concerns about their grammar and are scared of making embarrassing mistakes. Additionally, there’s a possibility they may be unsure about their vocabulary and worry about using incorrect words during conversations.
One solution is to leverage technology for practice. For instance, they can use an app called ALULA, which allows users to engage in mock conversations with Artificial Intelligence (AI). This gives English learners the chance to select a topic of their interest and practice English conversations with the AI tutor. They can also receive feedback on their grammar, helping them identify and correct their mistakes. Before participating in a language exchange, they can rehearse the topic with the AI, making them feel more comfortable when speaking with an actual person.
If the learner is insecure about their grammar and prefers to learn in a structured, sequential order, ALULA can be useful as well. They can take grammar lessons with the AI English tutor, and once they feel confident enough in their grammar abilities to engage in conversation, they can participate in a language exchange to put their knowledge into practice.
4. Ask for feedback and do reflection
During a conversation, you may not always have time to carefully note down all the grammar points, vocabulary, or full sentences. However, you can always ask your partner to give you pointers or suggest better ways to express yourself. This request should ideally be made at the start of your language exchange session. Even if your partner isn’t a certified language teacher, they can still correct you or suggest more fluent phrases. Whenever you receive a correction or suggestion, repeat it out loud – this way it sounds more natural and you’re likely to remember it better than if you just heard it.
Once the language exchange session ends, take some time to reflect. Did you manage to accurately and confidently express your views? Were there areas where you could improve? Did you make vocabulary or grammatical errors? Did you learn any new words, idioms, or phrases you particularly liked? Consider how you’d like to go about your next language exchange. How can you better prepare for it? Feel free to write down your thoughts in a notebook. Reflecting can aid in remembering important details or lessons that will be helpful in the future.
5. Go to language exchanges consistently
Being consistent, like being prepared, is very important when learning. Regularly participating in language exchanges ensures you are frequently exposed to English. Conversing often in English will help you more easily grasp vocabulary and grammar. This means that after many conversations, you don’t have to think hard to remember words or grammar rules when expressing your ideas. If you’re in a language exchange group, try to consistently join their meetups. If you’re not in a group, plan a weekly meeting time with your exchange partner that works for both of you. Try to keep this same schedule every week. If your partner misses too many meetings and your practice suffers, think about finding a new partner or joining a language exchange group.
Enjoying your language exchange is crucial for regular participation. If you don’t have fun, you won’t want to keep doing it. Here’s a few tips to enjoy your language exchange sessions:
- Choose the kind of meeting that’s most comfortable for you. If you’re a busy professional, maybe online meetings during the week work best. If you prefer face-to-face interaction, find a nice café for in-person exchanges.
- Ensure your comfort during language exchanges. Find a café or meetup spot that doesn’t impose time limit in using their premise. If you’re at a café, get your favorite drink. If you’re at home, sit in a cozy chair or couch and prepare your preferred drink or snack. (Make sure to avoid really crunchy snacks that can annoy your partner.)
- Ideally, find a partner with similar interests. If not, bring up topics you passionately care about, and see if your partner is interested too.
In a Nutshell…
Maximizing the benefits of language exchanges in English learning requires more than just showing up. Factors such as self-study, active participation, regular practice, asking for feedback, and consistent preparation play pivotal roles. By consciously adopting and practicing these strategies, you can navigate your English learning journey with composure and effectiveness. Collectively, these approaches will not only accelerate your learning curve but also make your journey much more enriching and enjoyable.
Richard Zhang, M.Ed., is an educator and a software developer with a Masters degree in education from University of Toronto and an immense passion for education and learning. Until the pandemic, Richard owned an award-winning learning centre in Toronto. For 15 years, he has taught and mentored hundreds of elementary, middle school, and high school students succeed in academics. He is also an app developer specializing in web and mobile application in educational and business sectors.